सर्वे भवन्तु सुखिन:
सर्वे सन्तु निरामया:।
सर्वे भद्राणि पश्यन्तु।
मा कश्चित् दु:खभाग भवेत् ।।
Happiness be unto all.
Perfect health be unto all.
May all see what is good.
May all be free from suffering.
06 -धारणा - Dharana ( Concentration )
Deshabandhash-Chittasya Dhārana According to this Yoga-Sūtra 3-1, concentration is fixing the mind at any special point or object. It must be understood that by simply concentrating on the external form of one chosen object there is no true realisation or intuitional vision, because the Vritti-s (mental activities are not quietened. But the mind becomes still by ignoring all other objects. This concentration can be external or internal. The external Dhārana is of five kinds, one for each element:

(a) Parthiva Dharana - पार्थिव धारणा , or concentration of Earth element. To fix the mind on the symbol (A-U-M), a black dot, a flower, picture of a saint, or a statue of a deity made in gold, silver or stone is known as concentration on Earth element.

(b) Jaliya Dharana, जलीय धारणा - or concentration on Water element. To gaze at the bank of a river or lake;; to concentrate on a waveless water while sitting by the shore of an ocean;; this is known as concentration on Water element.

(c) Agneya Dharana, आग्नेय धारणा - or concentration on Fire element. To fix the gaze on the flame of a lamp, candle, green-blue bulb of soft light, or fire in the altar, etc.;; this is known as concentration of Fire element.

(d) Vayaviya Dharana, वायवीय धारणा - or concentration on Air element. Steadying the mind by constant touch of air, by contact with any object, by or the feeling of heat or cold;; or by concentrating on the going in and coming out of breath;; this is concentration on Air element.

(e) Shabdika Dharana, शाब्दिक धारणा or concentration on Sound element. To fix the mind on loud or semi-verbal Japa (repetition of sacred syllables) on the murmuring of the river Ganges on the humming of the Bhrāmar Prānyama (the sounds heard from it), or on any regular sounds, heard from inside on closed ears (called Anahada Nāda);; this is concentration on Sound element.

By constant practice concentration becomes very powerful. It is necessary to intensify concentration for the entry into meditation.

Internal Dhāranā develops from the intense practice of External Dharana when the external support of concentration can be dispensed with in favour of concentration at the point where the unmanifest becomes manifest.